Leadership: Texas Hold 'Em Style
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What is a Hero?: The American Heroes Press Short Story Anthology
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Chapter Twelve - Leadership Styles

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"The poker table changes constantly. If you played every hand exactly the same, you are assured of losing. Your cards change, your bank changes and even the people at the table can change. Indeed, not only is every hand different, every game is different. Each table you sit at is composed of players with different skills, different cards and different banks. Like a good leader, the poker player continually adapts to his or her environment and the situation."
Andrew J. Harvey and Raymond E. Foster (Leadership: Texas Hold 'em Style).

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Leadership Styles
A forty page booklet hosted on the United Nations website that explores some basic information about leadership and particularly leadership styles.

Articles on Leadership Styles

Managerial Styles
A managers style of managing has been a continuing cause of concern to his organization, his subordinates, and, at times, the manager himself. All have recognized that the manager's style is one of the major contributors to the performance and effectiveness of his unit. The desire to define how a manager should conduct himself while working with others has led to investigations into those variables that may affect levels of managerial performance. This article examines, in summary form, investigations by various management authorities on the subject of managerial styles. These investigations have been developed into three theories of managerial style: trait, behavior, and situation.

72 Situational Leadership
Adaptive leadership in today's Army is increasingly important with technological changes and the force-structure downsizing that all military services are experiencing. Adaptive leadership is necessary in today's complex and ambiguous military environment. Technology and the availability and flow of information contribute to a very fluid operational situation.1 US Army Field Manual (FM) 22100, Army Leadership, has added transactional and transformational leadership styles of directing, participating, and delegating.2 These styles add to the leader's arsenal of leadership styles that can be used to shape behavior, emotions, and the organizational climate.

Toxic Leadership
In 2003, Secretary of the Army Thomas E.White asked the U.S. Army War College (AWC) to address how the Army could effectively assess leaders to detect those who might have destructive leadership styles. The most important first step in detecting and treating toxic leadership is to recognize the symptoms. The terms toxic leader, toxic manager, toxic culture, and toxic organization appear with increasing frequency in business, leadership, and management literature. Analyst Gillian Flynn provides a particularly descriptive definition of a toxic manager; he is the manager who bullies, threatens, yells. The manager whose mood swings determine the climate of the office on any given workday. Who forces employees to whisper in sympathy in cubicles and hallways. The backbiting, belittling boss from hell. Call it what you wantpoor interpersonal skills, unfortunate office practicesbut some people, by sheer shameful force of their personalities make working for them rotten.

Emotional Intelligence
This article explores the emerging field of emotional intelligence (EI). It discusses what it is, why it matters in general terms, how individuals can improve their EI, and what impact it has on the effectiveness of US Air Force leaders. Specifically, EI is powerful because it overrides logic in the brain due to the way people are wired. Unlike natural intelligence, usually labeled IQ, EI can be developed. Studies have shown that highly productive team leaders have high EI. That is why Air Force leaders at all levels should know about this emerging field. As will become apparent, Sun Tzus concise observations about the awareness of both self and others anticipated the results that emerged from twentieth-century EI studies. He asserted that a person with self-knowledge as well as knowledge of the opponent will win. EI studies offer a more sophisticated, more practical approach to developing this essential awareness of self and others. More specifically, almost all highly effective leaders have EI- lesser leaders do not.

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Web-based resources

Leadership Styles

Leadership Styles
A concise over of the various leadership styles presented by ChangingMinds.org.

Motivation and Leadership Styles
An interesting website that joins the concepts of leadership style and motivation.

Leadership Styles - Goleman
According to Goleman, "Effective leaders are attuned to other people's feelings and move them in a positive emotional direction" by switching between one of six styles.

Check out Your Leadership Style
An online survey that emails the results to you.

Situational Leadership
A basic explanation of the model developed by Hersey and Blanchard.

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Training and Educational Resources

Situational Leadership (Federal Law Enforcement Training Center)




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